Abandoned Mine Land Reclamation (AMLR) Program

Published on AidPage by IDILOGIC on Jun 24, 2005

Purpose of this program:

To protect the public and correct the environmental damage caused by coal and noncoal mining practices that occurred prior to August 3, 1977.

Possible uses and use restrictions...

State/Indian Reclamation Program (SIRP) (Project Grants): Project grants are restricted to lands and water mined or affected by mining processes that occurred prior to August 3, 1977, (and certain post-1977 lands and waters beginning 10/1/91) and are defined as "eligible lands." Eligible lands include coal mining and related processes as well as noncoal mining and related processes. A State with an approved regulatory program, eligible lands and active coal mining operations contributing to the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund may submit a State reclamation plan to the Office of Surface Mining for approval. (Note: For Indian tribes, regulatory program approval is not a condition of participation in the reclamation program.) Subsidence Insurance Program Grants: The subsidence insurance program grant, which is limited to $3 million, provides funds to establish, administer, and operate a self-sustaining, individual State-administered program to insure private property against damages caused by land subsidence resulting from underground coal mining.

Who is eligible to apply...

State/Indian Reclamation Program Project Grants: The program is restricted to States/Indian Tribes with eligible lands and with coal mining operations within their borders that are paying coal reclamation fees into the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund.

Eligible Applicant Categories:
Eligible Functional Categories:

State Reclamation Program: A State/Indian reclamation plan requires the approval of the Assistant Secretary for Land and Minerals Management. All grants require the approval of the appropriate OSM Regional/Field Office Director.

Note:This is a brief description of the credentials or documentation required prior to, or along with, an application for assistance.

About this section:

This section indicates who can apply to the Federal government for assistance and the criteria the potential applicant must satisfy. For example, individuals may be eligible for research grants, and the criteria to be satisfied may be that they have a professional or scientific degree, 3 years of research experience, and be a citizen of the United States. Universities, medical schools, hospitals, or State and local governments may also be eligible. Where State governments are eligible, the type of State agency will be indicated (State welfare agency or State agency on aging) and the criteria that they must satisfy.

Certain federal programs (e.g., the Pell Grant program which provides grants to students) involve intermediate levels of application processing, i.e., applications are transmitted through colleges or universities that are neither the direct applicant nor the ultimate beneficiary. For these programs, the criteria that the intermediaries must satisfy are also indicated, along with intermediaries who are not eligible.

How to apply...

Application Procedure:

State/Indian Reclamation Program: The standard application forms furnished by the Federal agency and required by 43 CFR Part 12, Subpart C, "Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Cooperative Agreements to State and Local Governments," must be used for this program. Please contact the appropriate Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM) Regional/Field Office for details. Grant applications covering all AML programs/activities are to be submitted to the applicable OSM Regional/Field Office annually.

Note: Each program will indicate whether applications are to be submitted to the Federal headquarters, regional or local office, or to a State or local government office.

Award Procedure:

State/Indian Reclamation Program: The Regional/Field Office shall act upon a grant application within 60 days of submittal of a complete application. If the application is not approved, the Regional/Field Office shall set forth in writing the reasons for disapproval and may propose modifications if appropriate. The State/Indian tribal agency may submit the application or appropriate revised portions of the application.

Note: Grant payments may be made by a letter of credit, advance by Treasury check, or reimbursement by Treasury check. Awards may be made by the headquarters office directly to the applicant, an agency field office, a regional office, or by an authorized county office. The assistance may pass through the initial applicant for further distribution by intermediate level applicants to groups or individuals in the private sector.

Deadlines and process...


State/Indian Reclamation Program: Grant application may be submitted at any time to the applicable OSM Regional/Field Office.

Note: When available, this section indicates the deadlines for applications to the funding agency which will be stated in terms of the date(s) or between what dates the application should be received. When not available, applicants should contact the funding agency for deadline information.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

State/Indian Reclamation Program (Project Grants): Estimated at 60 days.

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication information is not required. The procedures of the Abandoned Mine Land Reclamation Program Regulations that were published in the Federal Register, Volume 47, Number 126, Wednesday, June 30, 1982 must be followed. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Note: This section indicates whether any prior coordination or approval is required with governmental or nongovernmental units prior to the submission of a formal application to the federal funding agency.


State/Indian Reclamation Program: A State/Tribe may appeal the OSM's decision to reduce or terminate a grant to the Secretary, DOI, no later than 30 days after the Field Office Director made the decision.

Note: In some cases, there are no provisions for appeal. Where applicable, this section discusses appeal procedures or allowable rework time for resubmission of applications to be processed by the funding agency. Appeal procedures vary with individual programs and are either listed in this section or applicants are referred to appeal procedures documented in the relevant Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).


State/Indian Reclamation Program: The grant application is submitted on an annual basis.

Note: In some instances, renewal procedures may be the same as for the application procedure, e.g., for projects of a non-continuing nature renewals will be treated as new, competing applications; for projects of an ongoing nature, renewals may be given annually.

Who can benefit...

State/Indian Reclamation Program: States and federally recognized Indian tribal governments.

About this section:

This section lists the ultimate beneficiaries of a program, the criteria they must satisfy and who specifically is not eligible. The applicant and beneficiary will generally be the same for programs that provide assistance directly from a Federal agency. However, financial assistance that passes through State or local governments will have different applicants and beneficiaries since the assistance is transmitted to private sector beneficiaries who are not obligated to request or apply for the assistance.

What types of assistance...

Formula Grants

Allocations of money to States or their subdivisions in accordance with distribution formulas prescribed by law or administrative regulation, for activities of a continuing nature not confined to a specific project.

Project Grants

The funding, for fixed or known periods, of specific projects. Project grants can include fellowships, scholarships, research grants, training grants, traineeships, experimental and demonstration grants, evaluation grants, planning grants, technical assistance grants, survey grants, and construction grants.

How much financial aid...

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

State/Indian Reclamation Program: $100,955 to $30,320,649; Average $5,874,080.

Note: This section lists the representative range (smallest to largest) of the amount of financial assistance available. These figures are based upon funds awarded in the past fiscal year and the current fiscal year to date. Also indicated is an approximate average amount of awards which were made in the past and current fiscal years.


State/Indian Reclamation (Project Grants) FY 03 $158,546,721; FY 04 est $158,600,169; and FY 05 est $160,000,000.

Note: The dollar amounts listed in this section represent obligations for the past fiscal year (PY), estimates for the current fiscal year (CY), and estimates for the budget fiscal year (BY) as reported by the Federal agencies. Obligations for non-financial assistance programs indicate the administrative expenses involved in the operation of a program.

Account Identification


Note: Note: This 11-digit budget account identification code represents the account which funds a particular program. This code should be consistent with the code given for the program area as specified in Appendix III of the Budget of the United States Government.

Examples of funded projects...

State/Indian Reclamation Program (Project Grants): Reclaiming gob piles, tipples, landslides, and mine openings, impoundments, highwalls, extinguishing mine fires and burning refuse banks. Mine subsidence (emergency and extreme dangers), mine openings, underground mine fires, burning refuse banks, flooding dangers, acid mine drainage, and dangerous impoundments.

About this section

This section indicates the different types of projects which have been funded in the past. Only projects funded under Project Grants or Direct Payments for Specified Use should be listed here. The examples give potential applicants an idea of the types of projects that may be accepted for funding. The agency should list at least five examples of the most recently funded projects.

Program accomplishments...

State Reclamation Program: 23 States and three Indian tribes have received approval for their reclamation programs and are carrying out reclamation projects.

Criteria for selecting proposals...

Section 403 of Public Law 95-87, cited Abandoned Mine Land Reclamation Program regulation, and approved State/Indian Reclamation plans.

Assistance considerations...

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

State/Indian Reclamation Program: Grant periods are variable; however, under normal conditions, funds for construction activities must be expended 3 years after award.

Formula and Matching Requirements

State/Indian Reclamation Program: Grants are 100 percent Federally funded based on fifty percent of the reclamation fees collected in a State subject to congressional appropriation. The formula is based on historical coal production and annual fee collections. However, States/Tribes may be granted additional funds for emergency and other high priority abandoned mine land reclamation projects.

A formula may be based on population, per capita income, and other statistical factors. Applicants are informed whether there are any matching requirements to be met when participating in the cost of a project. In general, the matching share represents that portion of the project costs not borne by the Federal government. Attachment F of OMB Circular No. A-102 (Office of Management and Budget) sets forth the criteria and procedures for the evaluation of matching share requirements which may be cash or in-kind contributions made by State and local governments or other agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals to satisfy matching requirements of Federal grants or loans.

Cash contributions represent the grantees' cash outlay, including the outlay of money contributed to the grantee by other public agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals. When authorized by Federal regulation, Federal funds received from other grants may be considered as the grantees' cash contribution.

In-kind contributions represent the value of noncash contributions provided by the grantee, other public agencies and institutions, private organizations or individuals. In-kind contributions may consist of charges for real property and equipment, and value of goods and services directly benefiting and specifically identifiable to the grant program. When authorized by Federal legislation, property purchased with Federal funds may be considered as grantees' in-kind contribution.

Maintenance of effort (MOE) is a requirement contained in certain legislation, regulations, or administrative policies stating that a grantee must maintain a specified level of financial effort in a specific area in order to receive Federal grant funds, and that the Federal grant funds may be used only to supplement, not supplant, the level of grantee funds.

Post assistance requirements...


State/Indian Reclamation Program (Project Grants): Annual performance and financial reports are required.

Note: This section indicates whether program reports, expenditure reports, cash reports or performance monitoring are required by the Federal funding agency, and specifies at what time intervals (monthly, annually, etc.) this must be accomplished.


In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 24, 1997), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.

Note: This section discusses audits required by the Federal agency. The procedures and requirements for State and local governments and nonprofit entities are set forth in OMB Circular No. A-133. These requirements pertain to awards made within the respective State's fiscal year - not the Federal fiscal year, as some State and local governments may use the calendar year or other variation of time span designated as the fiscal year period, rather than that commonly known as the Federal fiscal year (from October 1st through September 30th).


Records will be maintained in accordance with the provisions of 43 CFR Part 12, Subpart C, "Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Cooperative Agreements to State and Local Governments."

Note: This section indicates the record retention requirements and the type of records the Federal agency may require. Not included are the normally imposed requirements of the General Accounting Office. For programs falling under the purview of OMB Circular No. A-102, record retention is set forth in Attachment C. For other programs, record retention is governed by the funding agency's requirements.



Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, Public Law 95-87, 91 Stat. 445-532.

Note: This section lists the legal authority upon which a program is based (acts, amendments to acts, Public Law numbers, titles, sections, Statute Codes, citations to the U.S. Code, Executive Orders, Presidential Reorganization Plans, and Memoranda from an agency head).

Regulations, Guidelines, And Literature

Federal Register Vol.48, No. 115, Tuesday, June 14, 1983; Abandoned Mined Lands Operational Manual, Vol. One, February 1984; Vol. Two, July 20, 1984. Guidelines for Reclamation Programs and Projects, Federal Register Vol. 61, No.257, Monday, December 30, 1996.

Contact information...

Web Sites
Regional Or Local Office

See Additional Contact Information - FMR Help for addresses.

Note: This section lists the agency contact person, address and telephone number of the Federal Regional or Local Office(s) to be contacted for detailed information regarding a program such as: (1) current availability of funds and the likelihood of receiving assistance within a given period; (2) pre-application and application forms required; (3) whether a pre-application conference is recommended; (4) assistance available in preparation of applications; (5) whether funding decisions are made at the headquarters, regional or local level; (6) application renewal procedures (including continuations and supplementals) or appeal procedures for rejected applications; and (7) recently published program guidelines and material. However, for most federal programs, this section will instruct the reader to consult the so-called Appendix IV of the Catalog due to the large volume of Regional and Local Office Contacts for most agencies. This information is provided in Additional Contact Information (see below).

Headquarters Office

Office of Surface Mining, Division of Reclamation Support, Department of the Interior, 1951 Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20240. Contact: Chief, Division of Reclamation Support. Telephone: (202) 208-2788. Use the same number for FTS.

Note: This section lists names and addresses of the office at the headquarters level with direct operational responsibility for managing a program. A telephone number is provided in cases where a Regional or Local Office is not normally able to answer detailed inquiries concerning a program. Also listed are the name(s) and telephone number(s) of the information contact person(s) who can provide additional program information to applicants.

Additional Contact Information (Appendix IV)

Due to the large volume of regional and local office contacts for most agencies, full contact information is also provided separately here in a PDF format: